There are many kinds of kidney diseases, and the etiology and pathogenesis are complex. The clinical manifestations of many kidney diseases are not completely consistent with the histological changes of the kidneys, so the treatment and the development of the disease are also very different. At present, non-invasive examinations of blood, urine and imaging in clinical practice cannot make early diagnosis and accurate assessment of renal function and pathological changes. Compared with imaging such as X-ray and CT, ultrasound has the advantages of small size, easy to carry, and no radiation pollution, reusability etc.
1. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy of renal disease; 2. The assessment of arteriovenous fistulas by ultrasound; 3. Access blood volume during dialysis; 4. Ultrasound-guided arteriovenous puncture; 5. The surveillance after renal artery reconstruction and endovascular angioplasty; 6. Renal artery stenosis and congenital dysplasia; 7. Intrarenal arteriovenous fistula; 8. The Nutcracker phenomenon; 9. Venous disease etc.